What is dyslexia?
The word 'dyslexia' comes from the Greek language and means 'difficulty with words'. It is a difference in the area of the brain that deals with language and affects the underlying skills that are needed for learning to read, write and spell. Brain imaging techniques show that dyslexic people process information differently and therefore benefit from being taught differently.
Around 4% of the population is severely dyslexic. A further 6% have mild to moderate difficulties. Dyslexic people can learn effectively but often need a different approach.
Dyslexic learners may also have accompanying weaknesses in short-term memory, sequencing and the speed at which they process information. They may also have trouble with reading comprehension, spelling and writing. These are skills that everyone needs if they are to learn effectively in the classroom. They are also key skills for life.
The following are sourced from the ADHD Foundation.
Dyscalculia - A specific learning disability math. Children with dyscalculia may have difficulty understanding number-related concepts or using symbols or functions neededfor success in mathematics.
Dyspraxia - Sometimes called developmental coordination disorder. Children with dyspraxia may have diffuculty planning and performing tasks that require fine motor skills, such as writiing, tying shoelaces or using buttons or zippers.
Dysgraphia - A specific learning disability in writing legibly and at age-approprate speed. Many children with dysgraphia also struggle to their thoughts down on paper.