What is Down's Syndrome?

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What is Downs Syndrome?

Down's syndrome, is a genetic condition that typically causes some level of learning disability and a characteristic range of physical features.

Most babies born with Down's syndrome are diagnosed with the condition after birth and are likely to have:

  • reduced muscle tone leading to floppiness hypotonia
  • eyes that slant upwards and outwards
  • their palm may have only one crease across it (palmar crease)
  • a below average weight and length at birth

Although children with Down's syndrome share some common physical characteristics, they do not all look the same. A child with Down's syndrome will look more like their mother, father or other family members than other children with the syndrome.

People with Down's syndrome also vary in personality and ability. Everyone born with Down's syndrome will have a degree of learning disability. The level of learning disability will be different for each individual.

Updated May 2022

Page last reviewed: 03/05/2022

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